Langbos Children's Home
Langbos Informal Settlement, Eastern Cape
Our newest project is to build a home for orphans and vulnerable children in the informal settlement of Langbos. Langbos represents the poorest of the poor among rural communities in the Eastern Cape and greater South Africa. The informal settlement does not have access to basic amenities such as electricity, running water, or paved roads. The community also suffers from high levels of HIV and TB.
Our design for the Langbos Children's Home is influenced by the local culture and style in Langbos, and the home also incorporates various sustainable design elements such as earthbag building, rainwater harvesting, and renewable energy systems. Most of all, it will create a safe and nurturing home for the children in Langbos who need it most.
- The Home will provide care for up to 12 orphans and vulnerable children, while also employing a local staff of rotating caregivers.
- The Home has a unique ecodesign based around an earth building method that is environmentally-friendly and also inspired by traditional earth building methods of indigenous South African cultures.
- Our local building team includes approximately 18 men and women from the Langbos Community. Construction is strategically timed during the farming off-season, when seasonal unemployment is highest.
Langbos is an informal settlement situated in the Addo district in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Addo is home to the popular Addo Elephant National Park which attracts a lot of tourists to visit the area. It is also an internationally renowned citrus farming region which massively contributes to the agricultural economy of the country.
Attracted by the work offered by the citrus industry and the national park, over time many new communities have formed in the area. Langbos, the poorest of the townships in the area, has organically created an informal settlement with little no infrastructure on a portion of land surrounded by citrus farms. A great majority of the Langbos community work on the citrus farms. However, citrus farming only provides seasonal work, which in turn means that for the months between December and March these locals are unemployed.
A number of the problems within the area have been discovered through a census being conducted and years spent serving the community. Subsequently, a number of facilities and programs have been established and introduced in the area in order to help serve and assist the community. Two facilities which have been provided are the Langbos Creche & Community Centre which are centrally located and form the heart of the community.
The latest facility required is an orphanage which will form an extension to the existing complex built and become home to vulnerable kids who have become orphaned or have fallen victims of child abuse. The goal for the orphanage to create a temporary place of safety for the kids before being reintroduced seamlessly back into the community. It will house up to 12 children as well as rotating caregivers. In addition, there will be eating, living, and studying areas as supporting functions to the bedrooms. In addition to the spatial requirements, emphasis is also placed on designing a home for vulnerable children and the need to involve and uplift the community throughout the building process. One of the end products of the project should also give back to the entire community by incorporating and facilitating the communities need for electricity and usable water.
After a number of site visits, interacting with the community and throughout the design process - the concept which formed was identifying the organic nature in which the Langbos settlement occurred. Small informal dwellings, built by the community themselves with traditional methods of construction, are positioned on vast open spaces which allow for each household to create their own identity and find and cater for their own needs. Secondly, the vast open spaces create easily accessible circulation within the settlement and magnificent gathering spaces for the adults to meet and the kids to play in. The nature of this settlement maintains a unique identity and contradicts the rigid and repetitive way in which the South African Government is imposing the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) housing on these areas.
Rather than impose one large structure, we have instead introduced a complex of smaller structures which mimic the settlement pattern of Langbos. The structures are positioned in such a way that there would still be ample outside space which will encourage the kids to spill out into and play. The construction best suited for the desired organic loose-fit complex is a construction method called superadobe, a version of rammed earth construction, which has been previously used in the Addo area and can easily be taught and reused by the local community. The structures created by the superadobe become solid,strong cylindrical elements which signify stability and are highly insulated, making the rammed earth volumes both sculptural and functional. The aesthetic quality achieved, allows the structures and existing community complex to become an iconic presence within the settlement and potentially could attract an interest from the international tourists which visit the Addo area. Together with the superadobe structures a low-level, lightweight canopy is used to connect the sculptural forms and furthermore tie it back into the low-level heights of the existing dwellings around the site, emphasizing the horizontal nature of the local Langbos architecture.
The existing complex has established a main entrance which feeds activity to all the facilities and allows for the complex to remain secure. It is for this reason that the same entrance and existing circulation has been maintained and used to feed into the orphanage, which has been positioned on the most private portion of land within the complex.
Furthermore, a secure premise is emphasized by introducing a boundary wall which houses all services and secondary circulation, yet forms a decorative element facing the settlement and creates areas which the community can access for shade and retrieving water.
With establishing a complex which provides a sense of connectivity and openness between the internal and external spaces, a level of security and supervision needs to be offered between day time and night time activity. The circulation and connectivity routes designed within the complex do just that. During the day the day all the openings can be opened to encourage outside activity while at night all doors leading outside can be locked allowing connectivity only via the carers room.
It is believed that by introducing an architectural sophistication and establishing a building which draws cues from the local settlement and architecture it will set a positive precedent for the local community and symbolise progress, yet respect and maintain Langbos' unique identity.
Architectural design by Jason Erlank Architects